2021 Publications


Differing Perceptions of External Environment: The Case of Ethnic Groups in the Midwest, Metro versus Nonmetro Region

This paper is about people living geographically side by side, yet socially and politically dwelling in different spheres. This paper has highlighted some ideas and practices of the four prominent ethnic groups in the nation: White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian.

Deep-Tech Inventions in Illinois: An Empirical Analysis

This paper explores deep-tech inventions in Illinois using the USPTO data on patents. Download Appendix I here.

An Empirical Analysis of Research Outputs in Community Economic Development: Implications for the Study Area

This paper addresses the question, “what are the emerging areas of research in community economic development (CED)”. Using dispersion-analysis of journal publications in the field, the difficulty of repeat-publications in CED is explored. Next, using natural-language processing algorithms, key concepts in CED are “mapped” to identify research opportunities. The results of this research should be of interest to CED stakeholders wanting to advance or promote research in the study area.

Marijuana Tax Revenues: Estimates for Illinois Counties, July 1, 2020 to April 30, 2021

This paper estimates marijuana tax revenues at the county level. Counties were allowed to collect taxes on recreational marijuana sales starting July 2020.  In nonmetro, the median tax receipts for recreational marijuana is slightly more than $34,000, three times more than the average medical marijuana taxes.  Gallatin County benefitted the least from marijuana tax revenues, taxes averaged less than $1,000 per month.

Marijuana Use: Differences Between Metro and Nonmetro Regions

What are the drivers of demand for Cannabis products in Illinois? Does marijuana use differ between metro and nonmetro regions? What are the characteristics of marijuana users? This paper addresses these and other related questions.

Covid-19 Pandemic: Effects on Minority-Owned Businesses in Illinois

This research explores minority economic development in Illinois, using self-employment numbers for the minorities during the Covid-19 pandemic. During all four phases of Covid-19 mitigation, African-American self-employment took the turn for the worse, the monthly growth in self-employment numbers during January 2020 to February 2021 was a dismal -7%. Overall, Hispanics have fared well, the growth in self-employment for Hispanics during the pandemic was 11%. Insights into demographics of the typical minority self-employed are provided.

Twitter Conversations of Lawmakers in Illinois: Do Lawmakers’ Verbal Behaviors Predict their Political Affiliation?

This paper explores the verbal behaviors of Illinois lawmakers using their Tweets as the unit of analysis. Empirical analysis suggests that reinforcement history within the two major political parties has resulted in production of verbal units such as “family” by Democrats and “great” by Republicans.

Telemedicine in Illinois: Ecological Explanations

This paper explores the environmental correlates of telemedicine. Empirical analysis of telemedicine use in Illinois counties reveals that the service is patronized in large numbers by collectivists, people who value collective responsibility over individual rights.

Some Empirical Aspects of Manufacturing Sector During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Did Covid-19 shutter proportionally more small businesses (including manufacturing businesses) in the metro or the nonmetro? How do rural manufacturers in Illinois adapt to and cope with the threats of Covid-19? Is variability in adapting to Covid-19 workplace health and safety measures correlated with the characteristics of the business and the sociodemographic of the business location? This paper addresses these and other similar questions using a combination of primary and secondary data.

The Value of Telemedicine

… Webinar on the topic

This paper constructs a theoretical framework that aids in evaluating people’s subjective utility of telemedicine, empirically tests the factors related to utility assessment, and employs relevant factors to compute the economic value of telemedicine for Illinois. The ‘value’ analysis, performed at the county level, is based on a combination of secondary analysis of survey data from MCBS, and CMS’ Carrier file data. Results of data analysis suggest that from 2019 to 2020, telemedicine generated $1bil in healthcare savings for IL. The paper provides an interactive computer application to visualize value metrics for the counties.

Download…Interactive application for telemedicine. Please unzip and execute the file “TelMed.Exe”; programmed to run on Windows operating systems.

Who Uses Telemedicine, Believers or Disbelievers of Covid-19 ?

This paper empirically explores the assertion that stronger is a patient’s belief about the threats of Covid-19, the higher is the probability of her use of telemedicine.

Consumer Awareness of Telemedicine During the Covid-19 Pandemic: Demographic Influences

This paper set out to address two questions about telemedicine: (i) to what extent did awareness about telemedicine change during the Covid-19 pandemic and (ii) is awareness related to the demographics of the population. Data from the MCBS were used to address the questions.